People suffering from hypothyroidism may still be at risk of contracting type 2 diabetes even when their level of thyroid hormones have been managed, latest report suggests.
Researches from Holland recently published a report showing a connection between underactive thyroid, better known as hypothyroidism, and type 2 diabetes. They explained that people who may have undergone the treatment in order to regulate the hormones are also likely to develop the diabetes.
Hypothyroidism affects a specific gland that forms part of the endocrine system and produces various hormones. When affected, the thyroid gland will produce lesser quantities of T3 and T4 hormones. Some of the symptoms include weight gain, weakness, depression, skin dryness, being moody, lack of appetite, having low libido, and more.
After being diagnosed with the condition, the next step is managing it by improving the production of the hormones. Due to the lower levels, the metabolism is also affected and many people tend to gain weight. The solution is to make the thyroid more active.
Led by Dr. Layal Chaker, a researcher at Erasmus Medical Center in Rotterdam, Holland, a group of Dutch scientists have noted that though the treatment is effective it can still lead to the patient developing type 2 diabetes.
The study which lasted 8 years focused on about 8,500 victims whose average age was 65 years. The participants were suffering from inactive thyroid and were receiving treatment. Their blood sugar level was also measured at the beginning, from time-to-time, and at the conclusion of the study.
Out of the participants, 1,100 developed pre-diabetes which was occasioned by mild rise in blood sugar. 798 had full-blown diabetes. Statistically, inactive thyroid function increased the chances of developing the disease by 13%.
The results from this study don’t come as a shock to some people as this isn’t the first study to show a link between hypothyroidism and blood sugar level. In fact, a number of studies have previously been conducted to find the cause and effect.
Dr. Minisha Sood, the director of the department of inpatient diabetes at Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, also undertook a related experiment. In the study, Sood together with his colleges showed that low or inactive thyroid function may cause insulin resistance to rise.
Chaker however warns that the study was aimed at showing the link between diabetes and hypothyroidism, and didn’t go into further details in showing the cause and effects. Further research is therefore needed to show why this happens and find ways of dealing with it.