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Obesity Fuelling the Surge in Cancer of the Womb in the UK

The number of women in the UK afflicted by cancer of the womb has been rising fast and this is being caused by obesity, studies suggest.

The BBC News recently showcased a story about the rising cases of cancer of the womb in women in the United Kingdom. According to the lead author, obesity is the main cause of this type of cancer which is becoming quite common in the region. 

The Cancer Research UK did a comparison between the mid 90s and today, and it was shown that the cancer of the womb has risen by 87%. This shocking news is coming in an era where obesity, being overweight, and cancer make the headline stories quite often.

Figures from the organisation show that there were 4,800 new cases in the mid 1990s annually while now, the yearly figures are approximately 9,000. fat_womanA similar rise was observed in the number of obese people in the 1990s and today where the rise was 16.4% in 1990 compared to 25.9% by the end of 2011.

Womb cancer wasn’t a very common disease a few years ago; however, it is now becoming quite common. Some key symptoms of womb cancer include water discharge, light bleeding, irregular menses and other symptoms.

Three types of hypothesis have been put forward to explain the correlation between womb cancer and obesity, and how obese women in the UK are at a higher risk of contracting the cancer.

The first one states that obese women have a higher production of oestrogen, a hormone associated with stimulation and production of fat cells. Due to the fast production, the cells become cancerous and may lead to a growth or tumour.

The second theory states that obesity leads to the increased production of “Macrophages”, a type of cells found in the immune system. Too much production of the cells may lead to the inflammation of the womb as the cells begin to divide and spread out.

The third hypothesis links insulin to the increased cells inside the womb. Insulin is a fat-related hormone that increases with rise in fat and vice versa. People with too much body fat also suffer from insulin-related problems which include diabetes, high blood pressure, and other diseases.

One of the most effective ways of reducing your risk of womb cancer or lower the chances of contracting womb cancer is burning the excess calories of body fat. The National Health Service (NHS) advices people to embrace effective weight loss programs so as to keep the disease at bay.